Bespoke (pronounced bee-spoke) is a term used in the United Kingdom and other English speaking countries to refer to a custom-made product or service. The term itself is derived from bespeak which refers to the ordering of goods. Traditionally applied to tailored clothing, the term can also be applied to custom-made upholstered furniture home furniture including sofas, chairs and stools, which can be individually upholstered in the same way that a suit can be tailored.
Beds are typically applied using a wooden frame to which padding synthetic followed by spring and damping mechanisms. Once the foundation is complete, the bed is then at a range of synthetic, natural or mixed fibers, or leather. At each stage of the process craftsmanship than many of the techniques required to produce each component part of the sofa required are highly specialized and require extraordinary attention to detail. From beginning to end, it has been estimated that this process is between 300 to 600 hours of skilled labor requires.
While upholstery comes from the ancient Egyptians, modern sofa appeared much later, with contributions from European nations to modern interior design. Horsehair padding was first invented in Germany and is still a hallmark of upholstered furniture. The Italians introduced armrests and backrests in the Renaissance to be more comfortable in the additional comfort to add the piece. A little later the iconic Chesterfield style of deep knobs was developed by English craftsmen to secure more padding to the frame.